5 Common Eye Diseases to be Aware of

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Eyes are highly complex organs that are dedicated to vision. In order to have a 6/6 eyesight, all the anatomy within the eyes should work perfectly, but unfortunately taking care of your eyes happens to be the most ignored aspect.

Eye diseases may not show obvious symptoms in their early stages. Your vision might not appear visibly blurry or painful until the disease advances to a certain level and you start looking for a cure.  However, modern researches and technologies such as electronic glasses and IrisVision have successfully helped many eyes, reducing the need for long procedures and surgeries. Read on to get a basic overview of common eye diseases and their easy escape;

5- Age-related Macular Degeneration

Age related macular degeneration also known as AMD being the most prevalent eye disease that is more likely to occur once you hit your  50’s or even later.  AMD makes it hard to recognize faces, drive, read, write and do any close work such as fixing things.

The research shows AMD to be the leading cause of vision loss as it affects the central part of the retina responsible for originating clear, sharp view of objects that are straight ahead.

People with AMD might see straight lines appear distorted, black dots or smudges in vision, feel uncomfortable in bright lights, see faded colors, and objects may appear to change shape, size or even more. 

Even though AMD does not result in complete blindness, but it increases the challenges in daily life activities.

Currently, no treatment lives for AMD that could completely fix the disease but a few technological advancements have proven themselves effective.

Are you wondering what electronic device can serve you well in this case ? the answer to this is IrisVision.  

IrisVision is a hot topic of today’s market. It’s a wearable headset technology which brings central vision to focus and offers wide adjustable magnification of far to see objects. AMD affected people can easily bring central vision to focus with IrisVision and it could be easily carried everywhere.

4- Cataracts

Cataracts is yet another eye condition that mainly occurs as a result of ageing. It’s a common sight among older people however, it doesn’t mean only senior citizens would have this condition, it might develop in one’s 40’s or 50’s but wouldn’t show obvious symptoms in your middle age.

Cataracts is the over casting of the lens resulting in blurred vision and glared sight It grows overtime, making it strenuous to see.

Cataracts affects the vision in two ways ; protein clumps behind the eye reduce the image sharpness and a yellow to brownish tint intrudes the vision.

The risk factors for Cataracts could be diseases such as diabetes or smoking habits. Prolonged exposure to the sun can also lead to cataracts. 

Cataracts at its chronic stages can be helped using anti glare glasses or magnifiers but acute Cataracts needs to be surgically operated. However, surgeries can result in even better vision afterwards.

3- Glaucoma

According to the World Health Organization, Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness around the world. It directly damages the optic nerve affecting side or peripheral vision.

Increased eye pressure has been observed to be the greatest symptom of glaucoma, even though having an increased eye pressure does not necessarily mean you have the disease already. It could simply mean, you’re at a higher risk of developing it.

Other symptoms include severe eye pain, reddening of eyes, blurred vision and halos around eyes.

Glaucoma increases the routine challenges for people. Having blurred vision and light sensitivity during the day could leave a person unable to do his/her own work.

Cure to glaucoma is still a topic of research for many.

Unfortunately, there is no treatment for glaucoma till this day and the vision once lost cannot be brought back.

2- Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis pigmentosa is another eye condition that occurs as a result of gene mutation. When you have RP, cells in the retina known as photoreceptors do not function at their normal, and over time, you lose your vision. RP strikes the rods and cones in your retina damaging the night vision and peripheral vision; the ability to see at night and side sideways, respectively.

It may show up during childhood but later its intensity and progression varies from person to person. In most cases people with RP were seen to become legally blind by the age of 40.

Night blindness, faded colors, photophobia and photopsia are some leading symptoms of RP. RP can make life challenging with all its strong symptoms ultimately proceeding to legal blindness.

Research shows that consuming certain vitamins such as vitamin A palmitate can be useful to people with Retinitis Pigmentosa but for that one must consult an ophthalmologist to know the right amounts to consume.

On the other hand, there are devices and wearable technologies that promise a better living. Irisvision for instance has all the features to help such people see clearly with a dedicated RP mode.

1- Diabetic Retinopathy

The longer you have diabetes, the greater your chance is to fall victim to diabetic retinopathy. It’s a condition where the blood vessel inside your retina swells and bleeds, eventually leading to complete blindness and vision loss.

Diabetic Retinopathy occurs in both eyes simultaneously but you might not feel its symptoms until the disease intensifies. As it becomes serious, you might notice the loss of central vision, hindering your routine work, faded colours and blurry vision.

The factors responsible for this visual impairment are high blood pressure, smoking and abnormal cholesterol levels.

Once Diabetic Retinopathy takes birth in one’s eyes, it undergoes four stages; mild, moderate, severe and proliferative diabetic retinopathy, the end result of which is permanent blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy is treated using multiple surgical procedures such as focal macular laser surgery or Scatter laser surgery.

These visual impairments could be hard to deal with. Some can be fixed using wearable advanced technologies while others might require lengthy expensive procedures. It’s wise to make regular sessions with your eye doctor every once in a while. That way you might diagnose the disease at an early stage and avoid further complications.

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